How is private land conserved?

Land securement is the process of setting property into conservation status to conserve, typically in-perpetuity, land-based values of interest. Two common securement mechanisms are fee simple acquisition and conservation covenants.

  • Fee simple acquisition consists of obtaining legal ownership of a property through purchase and/or donation.
  • A conservation covenant is an encumbrance permanently registered on a property’s land title restricting and/or prescribing certain land uses, transactions and/or management regimes to conserve the property’s ecological values. As with fee simple acquisitions, conservation covenants are established through purchase and/or donation; but differently, they require annual compliance monitoring.